Retaliation for participation in a protected activity, such as making a complaint about a violation of law

 The state whistleblower law requires that the employee prove that there is an actual violation of state law. The federal law of retaliation for participating in a protected activity does not have this requirement. An example of a protected activity is to complain to management that you believe you are being discriminated against because of your race, national origin, color, sex, disability, age, or religion.